The Institute of Modern Physics is establishing the High Intensity Heavy-ion Accelerator Facility (HIAF) as a scientific user facility sponsored by the National Development and Reform Commission of China. HIAF will enable scientists to perform a large variety of modern nuclear physics experiments with outstanding potential of scientific discoveries, and the primary physics goals mainly include:
· To explore the limit to the existence of nuclei in terms of proton and mass numbers
· To find exotic nuclear properties and recognize the physics behind
· To understand the origin of chemical elements in the Universe, and
· to depict the Quantum Chromodynamics phase diagram of nuclear matter
In order to study these overarching physics, we will build a number of experimental setups employing the intense stable beams and various radioactive beams with energies from MeV/u to GeV/u available at HIAF. The experimental apparatuses and related major physics are introduced below, clicking the links to see details.
Additionally, HIAF will provide an excellent platform to develop heavy-ion applications for society, including in medicine, life sciences, space sciences, and material sciences.